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Daryl Guppy has developed the most recent analysis and application of Darvas trading to modern markets, including the modern application discussed here. A detailed discussion is contained in TREND TRADING. Classic Darvas is a trend following method based on defining the volatility range of prices over a selected period. The trend is defined by using a series of volatility boxes. It is based on buying breakouts to new highs for the year. Further modification of this method for modern markets show how it can be used to trade new 3 month breakouts to new highs and trend breakouts.


The modern application uses the closing price as the trigger point for a stop loss exit. This is a stand alone trend trading technique. It is best applied to stocks that are making new 12 month highs. The Darvas box defines the stop loss conditions and the trend continuation conditions. The modern application closes the box where there is close above or below the box parameters. Darvas boxes can also be applied to any established trend, even though new annual highs have not been created. Stocks should be checked for previous compatibility with this method. It cannot be applied to short side trading.

The user selects the high to be used as the potential starting point for the Darvas box. The GuppyTraders Essentials Darvas tool will automatically plot lower and upper box lines. When a breakout from the box occurs, the box will be automatically closed.

The user can also apply a ghost box to monitor the development of trends when no formal new Darvas box is created. This is used as a method of managing volatility and lifting the stop loss point.

This is a stand alone indicator that is not combined  with any other methods.


Exact stop loss points

Defines acceptable volatility effectively

Excellent trend trading tool

Easy to manage using automatic stop loss and buy orders

Suitable for investment style trading


The stop loss is based on the bottom of the most recent Darvas box. In some trends, this can remain unaltered for many days as the new trend continues. This puts profits at risk.

Does not suit all trends or all stocks.



Breakouts above the Darvas box confirm trend continuation. Traders can buy breakouts.

Aggressive traders buy while prices are within the confines of the box in anticipation of a breakout.

Breakouts below the box suggest trend collapse. This is a stop loss signal, and an exit is taken.

Ghost boxes are used to manage stop loss points while the trend continues without meeting the conditions necessary for a new Darvas box.


Sell when price closes below the bottom of the Darvas box

Sell when price drops closes the bottom of the ghost box

Breaks above the upper edge of the box signal trend continuation

Buy bullish breakouts to new highs

Construction rules are automatically applies by the GTE Darvas tool

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